Rosette Nebula in Narrowband with Stellarvue SVR90T

Location: San Bruno, CA

Telescope: Stellarvue SVR 90T with Televue x0.8 reducer on Takahashi NJP-Z Mount

Camera: Qhy9 CCD with Astronomik H-Alpha 12nm Filter and OIII 12nm Filter

H-Alpha: 20 exposures of 480sec on 01/22/2011

OIII: 26 exposures of 480sec on 01/21/2011

The pictures uses H-Alpha for Luminance, Red, and OIII for Green and Blue – and took a total of 6 hours of exposure. The regions rich in H-Alpha emission are red – but note the rosette nebula emits  quite considerably also in the OIII band – making the central regions appearing withe.

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B33 / Horse head and Medusa Nebulae with 8″ Newtonian in H-Alpha

Location: San Bruno, CA

Telescope: Orion Astrograph 8″  on Takahashi NJP-Z Mount

Camera: Qhy9 CCD with Astronomik H-Alpha 12nm Filter

Another series of H-Alpha images this time with the 8″ Orion Newtonian Astrograph.

Once the telescope is well collimated, it produces good images along with the Baader MPCC coma reducer.

The B33 / Horsehead image is  a composite of 14 exposures of 390 seconds, processed with Maxim DL v5 and Photoshop CS4.

B33 / Horsehead on 2/10/2011 with 8″ Newtonian telescope

The next picture is the more challenging Medusa nebula (planetary nebula).

This nebula was discovered in 1955. It has a very low surface brightness.

The technology to record Hydrogen Alpha images became after World War II (source: galaxymap.org).

I assume this combined with the very low brightness of this nebula is one of the reason why it was discovered relatively recently.

By comparison, it is quite easy to see the shape of the Nebula with one sub-exposure of 6min done with my 8″ telescope in 390sec amidst the City light!

The image is a composite of 15 exposures of 390sec, combined with Maxim DL 5 and processed with Photoshop CS4.

Sharpless 2-274 / Medusa Nebula on 2/9/2011  with 8″ Newtonian

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Jellyfish, Cone and Rosette Nebulae in H-Alpha with SVR90T

Location: San Bruno, CA

Telescope: Stellarvue SVR 90T with Televue x0.8 reducer on Takahashi NJP-Z Mount

Camera: Qhy9 CCD with Astronomik H-Alpha 12nm Filter

Even with the short focal ratio (f/d 5.6) obtained with the televue reducer, I had to apply 2×2 Binning and take a fair amount of exposure to get details in the Nebulae.

The H-Alpha filter does wonder to combat light pollution, even though the FWHM of this filter is not very narrow (12 nanometers).

Some words about the combination of Stellarvue SV 90T and televue reducer. I had to find the best distance between the CCD chip and the reducer / flattener. Initial trials with a distance of 58mm were not successful. Then 55mm of distance between the CCD chip and reducer/flattener seemed to yield better results.

My tests were done with the Qhy9 having a relatively small sensor (15mm x 19.7mm)  – and even with this sensor size stars were not perfectly round on the egdge.

That’s why I am not sure if the televue 0.8x reducer/flattener is a good match with the Stellarvue SV90T for large chips. But at least in my case it turned out fine. On the other hand, the Stellarvue flattener gives perfect flat images with round star till the edge with an APS-C size sensor … but … the F/D is still at 7,  making it more difficult to image faint extended objects. That is why  I opted for the Televue reducer for this set of images, even though it does not produce a perfect flat field with this telescope optics.

Jellyfish Nebula (IC 443 or Sharpless 2-254)  – 01/28/2011

Cone Nebula / Christmas Tree Cluster  (Sharpless 2-273Ngc 2264)  – 01/28/2011

Rosette Nebula (Caldwell 49, Sharpless 2-275) – 01/22/2011

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Horse head and Flame Nebulae with SVR90T and H-Alpha Filter

Date: 01.23.2011 (last quarter moon)

Location: San Bruno, CA

Telescope: Stellarvue SVR 90T with Televue x0.8 reducer on Takahashi NJP-Z Mount

Camera: Qhy9 CCD with Astronomik HAlpha 12nm Filter

This is a stacking of 11 exposures of 8minutes.  Even with the short focal ration (f/d 5.6) obtained with the televue reducer, I had to apply 2×2 Binning and take a fair amount of exposure to get details in the Nebula.

The H-Alpha filter does wonder to combat light pollution, even though the FWHM of this filter is not very narrow (12 nanometers).

To capture this picture, I used the software Logme in to monitor the imaging session from the comfort of my living room…

Configuration:

  • Imaging setting outside, connected to my Toshiba Netbook, accessing the Network from a Wireless connexion. The Netbook controls the Qhy9 camera, the Orion autoguider, and the Takahashi NJP-Z mount (Ascom driver).
  • My Laptop, in the living room, allowing remote access to the Netbook using the LogmeIn software.

With long imaging session, getting remote access allows me to check if nothing goes wrong [ issue with tracking, clouds, etc] – without having to check every 20 minutes outside!

Here is a screenshot of the log me in screen with remote access to the Netbook controlling the imaging set up:

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Crab Nebula with C9.25 – Jan 2011

Location: San Bruno, CA

Telescope: Celestron 9.25 with F/d 6.3 reducer on Takahashi NJP-Z Mount

Camera: Qhy8 CCD with Astronomik CLS CCD Filter

This is the result of 16 exposures of 330 sec. The Celestron C9.25 is really a good choice for planetary nebula given its relatively long focal length, and its large aperture.

I find also that many planetary nebula are a nice target when on a light polluted site, since they have a relatively high surface brightness.

What is more important here is to have a night with good seeing conditions,  very good tracking, take multiple shots, and stack!

Software: Maxim DL5, Photoshop CS4, Nik Sharpener

This is a crop of the previous image, showing more details in the Nebula dendrils.

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Clavius with Mak Cassegrain 180mm

Date: 1/15/2011

Location: Sam Bruno, CA

Instrument: Orion Mak Cassegrain with Imaging Source DMK camera at f/d 15

Infrared Filter Astronomik IR Pro 742

Processing: Avistack for Image stacking, Astraimage Wavelet processing, Photoshop CS4

Seeing: 3-4/10

The use of the Infrared pass filter (pass wavelength above 742nm)  allowed to pass through the turbulence. Not only the image was much more stable but showed also improved contrast (compared to a regular Infrared Cut filter).

Even if the IR pass filter reduces luminosity, the moon is such a bright object that each frame integration time is still small (1/10 second by frame for this picture – about 1,000 stacked frames ).

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Eskimo Nebula (NGC 2392) with C9.25

Date: 1/5/2011

Location: San Bruno, CA

Telescope: C9.25 on NJP-Z mount

Camera: Qhy8 with CLS CCD Filter

16 exposures of 2 minutes at f/d 6.3.

Processing: Maxim DL5, Photoshop CS4, Astraimage Wavelet filter

The Eskimo planetary nebula has a fairly small angular size:  about 48″,  comparable with the apparent size of Jupiter.

At focal plane, the scale was about 1.15″ by pixel when taking this  image.

Collimation is critical at this focal length – and I made sure the SCT was well collimated.

Given its high surface brightness, shooting NGC 2392 benefits from many short exposures to get the best of seeing conditions, and processing techniques such as sharpening or wavelet filtering.

For this pictures, I tried out my new Losmandy dovetail plate on which the guidescope (Takahashi fs60c) is attached.

I had trouble with tube flexture in the past with other systems to attach the guide scope to my c9.25, but with this great dovetail plate, the guide scope is now coupled to the C9.25 OTA in a very rigid way.

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